Yugakavi Siddhicharan Shrestha Janma Jayanti/International Day for Biological Diversity | युगकवि सिद्धिचरण श्रेष्ठ जन्म जयन्ती/अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय जैविक विविधता दिवस | 2081 Jestha 9 | Hamro Patro

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    May/Jun 2024
    2081 Jestha
    May 22, 2024
    वैशाख शुक्ल चतुर्दशी
    Yugakavi Siddhicharan Shrestha Janma Jayanti/International Day for Biological Diversity
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    Yugakavi Siddhicharan Shrestha Janma Jayanti । International Day for Biological Diversity

    Yugakavi Sidhhicharan Shrestha Janma Jayanti
    110 years ago from today
    Let's travel back to 1969BS, about 110 years ago from today, Siddhicharan Shrestha, the great poet of Nepali literature, was born in Okhaldhunga, a city of eastern Nepal. Every year on the day of Jeshtha Shukla Panchami, the birth anniversary of Yugakavi Siddhicharan Shrestha is celebrated.

    Poet Shrestha's poems are equally relevant today that is why he is called Yugakavi, the poet of the era. We want to start with some of his lines (Translated from Nepali) very few people have heard or read this poem.

    Like a swimming fish
    Like a flying bird,
    Like running time
    He looked at
    He went to the water and said “Catch That Fish”
    He went to the sky and insisted Catch that bird
    He went to Mahakala (God of Death) and begged I can stop time. No one said no, and they both got married.

    What a twisted but wonderful feeling in this poem, as if the mood of a person is clearly expressed. Who says that this poem has traveled so many springs? It is still fresh and its proximity to the truth still holds universal. From the time of Siddhicharan to the present and commencing thousands of years, such feelings and lines have been and will be remembered in human beings, the poet Siddhicharan Shrestha. How sweet the simplicity of the concluding melody, marriage is is not just a metaphor in his poem.

    Mero Pyaro Okhaldhunga"
    "Mero Pyaro Okhaldhunga" poem of Siddhicharan has become an anthem of the birthplace of Nepali who have left their birthplace and come to a different place of work. Narayan Gopal has sung this poem in the song immaculately sink with the feelings, adding the meanings to the verses immersed in the spirit of the poem. Okhaldhunga and poet Shrestha are so closely connected that the highway connecting Okhaldhunga and Katari has also been named as Siddhicharan Highway in memory of the poet. Poet Sidhhicharan advocates about the waves of destiny in his poem "Mero pyaro Okhaldhunga", these waves carry people out of their birthplaces and brings them to different cities and countries of work.

    Poet Sidhhicharan had nine children. After the death of his first son at the age of 4, he has covered the pain of his son's grief in his creation "Bishwo Betha". This great poet started composing poetry at the young age of 13. After the catastrophic earthquake of 1990 BS, he collected the stories of the earthquake and wrote a collection of poems called Bhuichalo.

    His poems can be found in both Nepali and Newari languages. The epoch-maker Siddhicharan Shrestha, with his profound knowledge of both languages, seems to be keen on portraying the realities of society and bringing reformist currents in his expressions. In his poems, there is a feeling and wish for everyone to be well and smile. What can portray global brotherhood "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam" as much as his poems?Probably he wrote this poem as a threat to freedom, allow me to translate some verses of his poem "Bahula"

    Poem "Bahula"
    Mother, whatever they say, I am not a lunatic.
    I haven't done anything I shouldn't have done,
    I have not said anything that should not be said.
    I have eyes, so let me see
    I have a stomach, let me fill
    May no one walk around naked, may everyone cover their shame
    May my ear hear the voices?
    May I be able to put ideas into speeches?
    Even so, they say me lunatic
    Mother, I am not a lunatic.

    In the above poem "Bahula", there is a taste of his freedom, patriotism, and democratic expression. Let me present another translation of his creation, this one he wrote after the Rana regime fell, this is titled "Ba aaunuvayena" Father didn't come mother.

    Poem: "Ba aaunuvayena"
    It's raining
    The wind is blowing
    Time is running out, darkness alarms
    The light is on,
    The rice is cooked,
    Mom is screaming
    Ba (Father) has not come.
    The era has changed,
    Rana has fallen,
    Says the chain is broken
    But my father is yet to arrive

    Awareness is found in his poems. While reading the poems, these social reformer lines feel like warriors, his pens have raised issues of multi-dimensional progress, carved things of prosperity and improvement.

    He was sentenced to 18 years in prison by the Rana rulers for his views and freedom-oriented writings. Can you believe that poet Shrestha was sentenced to 18 years in prison by the Rana rulers just for using the word "revolution" in his poems? There was a time when anti-revolutionary rulers weighed every word of Shrestha's poems. It is said that the great warriors of the Nepali political revolution were also kept in jail along with Siddhicharan. Ganeshman Singh had praised the inspiration and personality of Shrestha's poetry in many formal and informal meetings and speeches.

    Poet Shrestha was a huge fan of smoking "Hookah" a traditional oriental pipe for smoking tobacco. His friends called him "Kaji Dai."

    The poet also worked in Sarada magazine, Gorkhapatra, Dainik Awaj, and Kavita magazine. At that time, Gorkhapatra was published only twice a week, he also worked as the editor of the daily Awaaz and Kavita magazines. In Nepali language, Urbasi, Mero Pratibimba, Anshu, Kopila, Vishwa Betha, Mangal Man, Junkiri, Kuhiro ra Gham, Bachiraheko Awaj, Jyanmara Saill, Tirimiritantra, Wali, Bhimsen Thapa, Yudhha ra Shanti, Atma Bilauna, Siddhicharanka pratinidhi kawita and Siddhicharan's Jail memoirs are the remarkable creations of this poet. The Newa languages include Lumbini, Trishna, Fuswan, Siswan, Gwaiswan, Muswan, Siddhicharan's essay collection and Gham.

    Not yesterday, not tomorrow.
    Laughs, plays, and cries, walks around, sings his songs
    Sidhhicharan is here today
    A philingo (Lightning substance) rose from the deep blacktop,
    For the sake of extinguishing, the name of the one who lives is blinking

    From postage cards to several statues of this poet, everywhere he smiles and his words translated a rebel into us. The poet, who addressed the era through poetry, died in the year 2049 BS. Every year on the 9th of Jeshta, the birth anniversary of this poet is celebrated.

    Background of Bio Diversity day
    May 22 of this year is being celebrated by the world community as Biodiversity Day like other years. Let's talk in this context today. This day is celebrated all over the world to show the importance of biodiversity. On May 22, 1992, the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, decided to move forward with the Convention on Biological Diversity. Then, from 1994 to May 22, the practice of celebrating Biodiversity Day began.

    Theme for this year:
    “Be part of the Plan”, the theme of International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) 2024, is a call to action for all stakeholders to halt and reverse the loss of biodiversity by supporting the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, also referred to as the Biodiversity Plan.

    Bio diversity in Nepal
    In Nepal, there are 207 species of mammals, 867 species of birds, 43 species of amphibians, 100 species of reptiles, and 185 species of fish, 653 species of butterflies, more than 3966-night flying butterflies are found in Nepal. These diversities are everlasting and the stakeholders and the community have a significant role to play in their institutional protection and tourism growth. There is biodiversity and we are, may Nepali air, water, soil, sky, and wind prevail.

    In the hilly and mountainous regions, the north-south facing walls of cliffs make it sunny on one side and humid on the other. If you travel even a shorter distance, you will reach a completely different natural environment, you can experience biodiversity in Nepal. Kechna in Jhapa district has a minimum elevation of 60 meters above sea level in Nepal and a maximum altitude of 8,848 meters on the top of Mt Everest is also in Nepal. More species of birds are found in Nepal than in any other part of the entire Europe. Most species of butterflies are found in Nepal. There are more than 500 species of edible crops in Nepal, of which 200 species are cultivated.

    Meaningful wishes on the bio diversity day

    -Suyog Dhakal

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