Nepali New Year / Mesh Sankranti / Biska Jatra/Mahavir Jayanti/Pradosh Vrata | नयाँ वर्ष / मेष संक्रान्ति / बिस्का: जात्रा/महावीर जयन्ती/प्रदोष व्रत | 2079 Baishakh 1 | Hamro Patro

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    Apr/May 2022
    2079 Baishakh
    Apr 14, 2022
    चैत शुक्ल त्रयोदशी
    Nepali New Year / Mesh Sankranti / Biska Jatra/Mahavir Jayanti/Pradosh Vrata
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    .New Year 2079 l Biska Jatra l Mesh Sakranti l Mahavira Janma kalyanak, Last Tirthankara of this Avasarpini

    Welcome to the new year 2079 of Bikram Sambat, 56.7 years ahead of AD.

    Welcome to the new year 2079 of Bikram Sambat, 56.7 years ahead of AD.

    सर्वे सन्तु निरामयाः ।
    सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु
    मा कश्चिद्दुःखभाग्भवेत् ।
    ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

    Om, May All be Happy,
    May All be Free from Illness.
    May All See what is Auspicious,
    May no one Suffer.
    Om Peace, Peace, Peace.

    Happy New Year with all those above wishes, prayers and love. Writing these words inside of my home amidst a global lockdown, maybe this world is silent, people are under their roof but the solidarity has increased and humanity is taking a newer form. From Niles to Nairobi, from Teheran to Taipei, from Everest to Atlantic, from Ney York to New Delhi and every corner of this planet, let the peace flow, may smiles grow.

    Every year, the old calendar shifts to new sheets and new sheets and new opportunities emerge. These years are like the new chapters in the book, which are like the rest of the exciting pages to read and turn over.

    Like plain sheets of writing copy, where the days and months live, laugh and cry, the alphabets of the experience fill up. The circle with we made in the last year is equally significant. Welcome to this new version of the year, combining the good experiences, memories, and steps of the past years.

    Happy Siruwa, Happy Jut Shittal, and Happy Baishakhi. From poetry and greeting cards to the film heroes and heroin pictures in school life, to the good wishes of today on Facebook and Twitter, from the taste of Selroti (Typical Nepali sweet bread) and cucumber pickle to various dishes of new year parties and restaurants, let there be grand wishes and smiles also in their faces who are marking red on their calendars to return their motherland, Nepal, from foreign lands.

    Commencing year will spread a magical wave to temple bells, church pinnacles, gumbaj of monasteries and to the domes, mosques, and Dargahas. This year is auspicious, right and good, we have faith.

    Like the prehistoric presence of Aradhyadeb Pashupati which is formless, endless but yet powerful, Time is an infinitive flow of change and we humans try to measure time under our efforts by counting years, months and weeks. These clocks indicate the changing time and these changes also change the periphery of human lives.

    Singing cuckoos, blooming mango trees, ripen wheat plants at the farms, litchi flowers and many more natural appearances welcomes the commencing year. Wall calendars are outdated, making hand-held mobiles updated as digital calendars, Hamro Patro will always be your mobile companion for more years and decades to come.
    People all over the world have different kinds of dates and calendar associations into practice, but Bikram Samwat has been described as an old and historical counterpart, especially in Eastern philosophy and the traditional Vedic Sanatan rites. Ancient Indian King Vikramaditya commenced this calendar, there are apparent shreds of evidence and scriptures to prove his ruling time as his borders were expanded till gulf nations of today. Welcome to the new year of Bikram Sambat which is 56.7 years ahead of AD association. This is also an authorized annual calendar of Nepal.

    May the blessings of religion, culture, and philanthropy prevail globally, the destruction of lawlessness, the welfare of the world, the life of the creatures and the love of nature and the development of a society that loves nature be ensured this year. Jay Jay Desh, Jay Jay.

    Biska Jatra , Death of the serpent King.

    Jatra, festival and date, one should learn from Nepal. We celebrate every day as a feast, with every celebration and ecstasy of the festival, to keep it going forever. On the very first day of the Bikram Sambat calendar, there is a huge celebration of Biska Jatra around Bhaktapur, Tokha, Dhapasi, Thimi and nearby places. People also call it Bisket but Biska is its ancient and original name to address.

    Despite the Jatra on the first day of Vikram Samvat, the reasons for celebrating the Jatra are not linked to Vikram Sambat's new year. The Balkumari area of Thimi and Bhaktapur Durbar Square captivates the exclusive beauty of Biska Jatra. This Jatra is related to the death of Nagaraja, king of serpents, Biska itself translates the death of a snake. Local people work an entire month of Chaitra to construct and decorate magnificent chariot of Lord Bhairava and Bhadrakali, from the Nyatpol temple of Taumadi these chariots are pulled till the Khalla Tole. There holds a competition between upper and lower side residents of the ancient city of Bhaktapur who can pull the chariot into their side, this competition is the major attraction of this Biska.

    Thimi has its own signature celebration of this Jatra, at Layaku locals organize Sindur Jatra, they also bring their own small chariots and the celebration under the subtle musical waves of ancient Dheeme Baja gives you goose bombs. The modern life of today still beholds the beauty and essence of traditional Jatra which have been happening for thousands of years.

    While there is a tongue piercing program in Bode Bhaktapur, this Jatra provides an exciting atmosphere to start the New Year.

    The celebration commences four days ahead of the new year, "SatruHant Jatra" is the kick starter which means the destruction of enemies. People observe and participate in this Jatra very actively however, the massive earthquake of 2015 AD has shortened the Jatra celebration at various steps and venues.

    Happy Biska Jatra, meaningful wishes from Nepal.

    Mesh Sakranti

    Baisakh first has different names and features across Nepal and the Indian subcontinent. The first and second of Baisakh is celebrated as Jutshittal in Terai regions of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh, this day is also called Baishakhi and Shiruwa.

    12 Months of Bikram Sambat calendar is divided on the base of 12 Rashis, zodiac signs. Baisakh first is the commencing date of the first Rashi which is Mesh, this is why it's also called Mesh Sakranti. Nepali kitchen prepares their signature delicacies on this day, a warm celebration and chain of wishes flow underneath every Nepali heart.

    People set resolution and plans of the New Year, bright April sky also seems ready to welcome monsoon clouds in Nepal. Happy New Year, love and peace.

    Pradosh Vrat

    Triodashi is called Pradosh. Like Ekadashi, Pradosh is important every month, Vishnu is remembered in Ekadashi and Shiva is remembered in Pradosh. Pradosh begins 45 minutes before sunset and ends 45 minutes after sunset.

    Pradosha Katha

    It is mentioned in the scriptures that Lord Shiva cured the disease of the moon on the day of Triodashi, when the effect of the moon was diminishing.
    Due to this, Pradosh Vrat is observed in Triodashi of every month in remembrance of Lord Shiva. It is more fruitful to worship Shiva in the time of pradosh.

    Mahavira Janma kalyanak, Last Tirthankara of this Avasarpini

    Mahavir Jayanti celebrates the birth of Mahavira, a contemporary of Lord Budhha (Lived in 6 century BCE), and the final or 24th Tirthankara (great scholar and sages). Mahavira's name was Vardhamana and is considered to be the founder of Jainism but today I will try not to confine Mahavira's identity just to Jainism but to elaborate his contribution to the entire human race and mankind will be my pursuit.

    Now I take you to the 6th century BCE, this century is very significant for Sanatan philosophy in many ways, this is when Budhha was born, and the 24th lineage of Tithankara "Mahavira" was born, this century commenced a subtle shift of Vedic ritualism and worship and stimulated the rises in merchant class population.

    Let me heave a word "Avasarpini" to you, this means that world will become worse and worse in every year passing by. This is a cycle and during Avasarpini cycle, 24 Tirthankaras (Scholars and sages) are born in our earth, Mahavira was the final Tirthankara to appear. There are several similarities between Mahavira and Budhha however, Mahavira was born a little before Budhha. Both Hindu and Buddhist philosophy strongly focuses on the karma and karmic cycle but Jainism defines karma as something which pollutes the true nature of the soul. Mahavira like Buddha was born as a prince but abandons his life at the age of 30 and becomes an ascetic. In his pursuit of spiritual awakening and knowledge, he obtains 12 years of meditation and every hardships becomes negligible to him , it is said that people tortured him to the extent of piercing his ears, nails and even throwing stones at him. No one could distract Lord Mahavira from his meditation, finally, at the age of 42, he obtained omniscience and couldn't obtain moksha because of his remaining karmas of name and body. Finally, at the age of 72, Mahavira obtained Mokshya, such Mokshya which is the final frontier of this creation and grants the ever blissful and detached nature of the soul.

    Jainism gave us the idea of non-violence that led to the largest number of vegetarians that have always existed in Indian subcontinent. The value of vegetarianism is only recently being recognized in the West and the rest of the globe, as we know. Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism are three unique manifests that the east has given to the globe, all three manifests weaves this universe in an Omni reality which is highly transcendental which lies behind the materialistic reality and phenomenon that we see in this world. These ultimate truth, knowledge, and ideologies would never be with us if sages like Mahavira would have not dedicated their lives to obtain these manifests. The Jain concept of nonviolence is urgently required in this earth to save it from ultimate ecological destruction.

    These words and my naive efforts will be substantially incomplete to elaborate and describe Lord Mahavira and his contributions however, I will now try to elaborate precisely on the celebration of this day. Besides Mahavira Jayanti, this day is also called Mahavira Janma Kalyanak, Mahavira was born on the thirteenth day of the waxing moon period in Chaitra month. His birthplace falls somewhere in Bihar as there are many disputes on the tracing of the exact birthplace of Mahavira. There are millions of Jains in this world and everywhere they are this day they carry out the statues of Mahavira and deliver it a ceremonial anointment, this is called Avishekha. Prayers, Pujas, and vratas are observed. Lectures and prayers are held at Jain temples, donations are collected for noble causes like saving cows and feeding poor. The teachings of Mahavira is a gift and answers to the calls of people from any religion and community.

    This world has undergone a significant time fraction under the pursuit of luxury, achievement and advancement, the wounded and lockdown world of today in the fear of infection, suppression and failure can learn a lot from Lord Mahavira and his practices. We put a thousand effort to buy happiness, let's just put one single effort to seek happiness that resides within us, let's remember Lord Mahavira. Happy Mahavira Janma Kalyanak

    Suyog Dhakal

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    Hamro Patro is one of the first Nepali app to include Nepali Patro, launched in 2010. We started with a Nepali Calendar mobile app to help Nepalese living abroad stay in touch with Nepalese festivals and important dates in Nepali calendar year. Later on, to cater to the people who couldn’t type in Nepali using fonts like Preeti, Ganesh and even Nepali Unicode, we built nepali mobile keyboard called Hamro Nepali keyboard.